Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire-celebrations in Azerbaijan- protests in armenia

Russian forces to monitor the ceasefire agreement in the disputed region

The six weeks long military conflict in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenia and Azerbaijan ended after signing a ceasefire agreement. The Russian/Turkish brokered agreement will be monitored by Russian forces. This region was part of Azerbaijan but taken over by Armenian militia backed by Armenian army in 1990s. Azerbaijan claimed the region as its territory occupied by armenia.  

The people in Azerbaijan are celebrating this agreement as a victory. Azerbaijan government has declared it a victory over Armenia. But the Armenian people have taken to street to protest against this agreement. The Armenian prime minister is trying to defend this agreement as the opposition growing against him.  

Armenian and Azerbaijani forces have been fighting for six weeks over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh. The region lies within Azerbaijan but has been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since a war there ended in 1994. The latest outburst of hostilities began September 27 and has left hundreds — perhaps thousands — dead, marking the worst escalation of fighting since the war’s end.

Azerbaijan has relied on strong support from its ally Turkey, which has trained Azerbaijani military and provided it with strike drones and long-range rocket systems. Meanwhile, Russia has a defense pact with Armenia and a military base there.

The Turkish claim to jointly monitor the ceasefire agreement has been denied by the Russian government.  The Russia denied on Wednesday Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s claim that Ankara and Moscow were jointly monitoring the ceasefire deal signed by Armenia and Azerbaijan to end the conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

Erdogan had said that Turkey and Russia signed an agreement to establish a joint center to coordinate efforts for monitoring the ceasefire and that Ankara would participate in the peacekeeping force.

However, Russian Presidential Spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Turkey’s statement on creating a monitoring center in Karabakh runs counter to Kremlin’s stance, according to state news agency TASS. “This is not how we understand it,” he said, adding that the presence of Turkish peacekeepers in Nagorno-Karabakh was not agreed on.

Peskov had told reporters on Tuesday “the creation of a center to monitor the Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire in Azerbaijan was not mentioned in the joint statement by the leaders of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia and was subject to a separate agreement," TASS reported.

The ceasefire between Azerbaijan and Armenia was announced on Tuesday, ending the worst fighting in the region in decades, and celebrated as a victory in Azerbaijan and its ally Turkey.

Speaking to members of his AK Party in parliament, Erdogan said Turkey would participate in the peacekeeping force and that the agreement ended Armenia's 28-year occupation of Azeri lands - an allusion to Nagorno Karabakh, a mountainous enclave within Azerbaijan ruled by ethnic Armenians.

"Turkey will take part in the joint peace force to be formed to monitor the ceasefire along with Russia," Erdogan said. "The relevant agreement on the formation of the Joint Turkish-Russian Centre to monitor the ceasefire was signed this morning. It will be formed on Azeri lands liberated from occupation."

Thousands of Armenians took to the streets in the capital Yerevan on Tuesday to protest the agreement signed  with Azerbaijan and Russia to end the war over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.

Armenian Prime Minister Pashinian said the deal was "extremely painful" for him and the Armenian people. "The decision was the result of an in-depth analysis of the military situation and based on the assessment of the best experts in the field," he said in a Facebook post.

"I believe this is the best possible solution for the current situation," Pashinyan added. "This is not a victory but there is not defeat until you consider yourself defeated. We will never consider ourselves defeated and this shall become a new start of an era of our national unity and rebirth," he said.

The agreement calls for Armenian forces to turn over control of some areas it held outside the borders of Nagorno-Karabakh, including the eastern district of Agdam.

Armenians will also turn over the Lachin region, which holds the main road leading from Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia. The agreement calls for the road, the so-called Lachin Corridor, to remain open and be protected by Russian peacekeepers.

                                                                  Khalid Bhatti

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